Reading: Afghanistan: The New Hotspot of South Asian Geo-Strategic Competition


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Afghanistan: The New Hotspot of South Asian Geo-Strategic Competition


Sujit Kumar Datta

University of Chittagong, BD
About Sujit Kumar
Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences
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This paper aims to identify the geographically important position of Afghanistan and how it has become a geopolitical battlefield in South Asia. The geographically crucial position of Afghanistan inside the South Asian Region has turned it into a battlefield of geopolitics. Further, the geographical circumstance and geographical additives of a rustic can make it tough and weak because of an internal policy. For example, India has a dangerous conflict with Pakistan over Kashmir, and China over Ladakh. On the other hand, China and Pakistan will work together in a mutual agreement even in such a changing situation as USA although they withdraw troops from Afghanistan cornering Afghan troops, and the Taliban's advance. Besides, Geopolitical considerations have been behind the invasion of the Persian Empire, Alexander's Campaign, Genghis Khan's attack, the British war, the invasion of the Soviet Union, and the presence of the Americans. It was joined by South Asian regional powers, Pakistan and India in the 20th century and directly and indirectly, these two countries have influenced Afghanistan. Thus, to complete this study, the researcher has used secondary data.  Descriptive and exploratory activities have been also conducted by interviewing and discussing with experts in this field. Finally, this paper tried to analyze the role of China, India and Pakistan towards Afghanistan in the South Asian political context.
How to Cite: Datta, S. K. (2021). Afghanistan: The New Hotspot of South Asian Geo-Strategic Competition. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review, 6(4), 197–214. DOI:
Published on 30 Dec 2021.
Peer Reviewed


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